Ethical hacking involves professionals intentionally probing computer systems for vulnerabilities. Unlike malicious hackers, ethical hackers have permission to break into the systems they test. Their primary goal is to discover and rectify security weaknesses before adversaries can exploit them. These individuals are often referred to as “white hat” hackers, drawing a distinction from malicious “black hat” hackers. Techniques used are similar to those of adversaries, but intentions are benevolent. Ethical hacking can encompass penetration testing, In cybersecurity, a vulnerability refers to a flaw or weakness in a system that can be exploited by malicious actors to breach the system's security and perform unauthorized actions. These flaws can exist in operating systems, software applications, network devices, or security procedures. assessments, and other security evaluations. Knowledge gained from these tests helps organizations bolster their defenses. Essentially, ethical hacking is a proactive approach to Cybersecurity refers to the practice of protecting computers, servers, mobile devices, electronic systems, networks, and data from digital attacks, damage, or unauthorized access. It encompasses techniques to prevent cyber threats like malware, ransomware, phishing, and social engineering. Cybersecurity measures also aim to ensure data privacy, confidentiality, integrity, and availability. Strategies include the use of firewalls,..., ensuring systems are as secure as possible.