Phishing is a form of cyber attack where attackers masquerade as trustworthy entities to deceive individuals into revealing sensitive information, like passwords or credit card numbers. Typically conducted via email, the attacker lures the victim with a fabricated message urging them to take action, such as clicking on a link. These malicious links often lead to fake websites designed to collect user data. Attachments in phishing emails may also contain Malware, short for malicious software, is software specifically designed to harm or exploit digital devices, networks, or services. It encompasses a broad range of harmful software types, including viruses, worms, trojans, ransomware, spyware, and adware. Once executed or activated, malware can steal, delete, or encrypt user data; monitor user activities; or facilitate unauthorized access to... that can compromise a user’s device. Phishing attacks exploit human psychology, leveraging emotions like fear, urgency, or curiosity. Spear phishing is a targeted form of phishing attack directed at specific individuals or organizations. Unlike broad-based phishing campaigns that send generic messages to large numbers of potential victims, spear phishing tailors messages using information about the target to make the bait more convincing. Attackers gather details—often from social media, public profiles, or previous data... is a more targeted form, focusing on specific individuals or organizations. Organizations often emphasize regular training and awareness campaigns to help employees recognize and avoid phishing attempts. Utilizing email filters, up-to-date browsers, and multi-factor authentication can further bolster defenses against phishing threats.