Social Engineering

Social engineering in cybersecurity refers to the manipulation of individuals to divulge confidential information or perform specific actions that compromise security. Instead of exploiting technical vulnerabilities, attackers target human weaknesses, such as trust or fear. Techniques include phishing, where attackers use deceptive emails to trick recipients into providing sensitive data or clicking malicious links. Vishing, another method, involves voice calls where scammers pose as trusted entities to extract information. Pretexting is a tactic where attackers fabricate scenarios to obtain data while baiting lures victims with the promise of goods to introduce malware. Tailgating involves unauthorized individuals gaining physical access by following authorized personnel into secure areas. Social engineering underscores the importance of human factors in cybersecurity, emphasizing that even the most robust technical defenses can be undermined by human error. Effective defense requires continuous education and awareness programs to reduce susceptibility to these tactics.