Social engineering in Cybersecurity refers to the practice of protecting computers, servers, mobile devices, electronic systems, networks, and data from digital attacks, damage, or unauthorized access. It encompasses techniques to prevent cyber threats like malware, ransomware, phishing, and social engineering. Cybersecurity measures also aim to ensure data privacy, confidentiality, integrity, and availability. Strategies include the use of firewalls,... refers to the manipulation of individuals to divulge confidential information or perform specific actions that compromise security. Instead of exploiting technical vulnerabilities, attackers target human weaknesses, such as trust or fear. Techniques include Phishing is a form of cyber attack where attackers masquerade as trustworthy entities to deceive individuals into revealing sensitive information, like passwords or credit card numbers. Typically conducted via email, the attacker lures the victim with a fabricated message urging them to take action, such as clicking on a link. These malicious links often lead..., where attackers use deceptive emails to trick recipients into providing sensitive data or clicking malicious links. Vishing, a portmanteau of "voice" and "phishing," is a form of social engineering attack where fraudsters use the telephone to deceive individuals into providing sensitive information, conducting specific actions, or transferring money. The attackers often pose as representatives from banks, technical support, government agencies, or other organizations that might have a legitimate reason to contact..., another method, involves voice calls where scammers pose as trusted entities to extract information. Pretexting is a tactic where attackers fabricate scenarios to obtain data while baiting lures victims with the promise of goods to introduce Malware, short for malicious software, is software specifically designed to harm or exploit digital devices, networks, or services. It encompasses a broad range of harmful software types, including viruses, worms, trojans, ransomware, spyware, and adware. Once executed or activated, malware can steal, delete, or encrypt user data; monitor user activities; or facilitate unauthorized access to.... Tailgating involves unauthorized individuals gaining physical access by following authorized personnel into secure areas. Social engineering underscores the importance of human factors in cybersecurity, emphasizing that even the most robust technical defenses can be undermined by human error. Effective defense requires continuous education and awareness programs to reduce susceptibility to these tactics.