Vishing, a portmanteau of “voice” and “phishing,” is a form of social engineering attack where fraudsters use the telephone to deceive individuals into providing sensitive information, conducting specific actions, or transferring money. The attackers often pose as representatives from banks, technical support, government agencies, or other organizations that might have a legitimate reason to contact the victim. By leveraging a sense of urgency or exploiting fear, they manipulate victims into sharing personal details, financial data, or even credentials. Vishing scams have been known to involve caller ID spoofing, which makes the incoming call appear to be from a trusted entity. Like other social engineering techniques, the primary objective is to prey on human psychology and behavior. As with other phishing methods, awareness and caution are the best defenses against vishing: always verify unexpected or suspicious phone calls, especially if the caller is requesting sensitive information or urgent action.